Mineral spirits là gì

Lee has over two decades of hands-on experience remodeling, fixing, and improving homes, and has been providing home improvement advice for over 12 years.Quý Khách sẽ xem: Mineral spirits là gì

Water-based latex paints have evolved and have become more prevalent in the home to the point where oil-based products are used less frequently. Yet some professional painters and do-it-yourselfers still prefer oil-based paint for its ability to self-level & remain streak-không lấy phí. Plus, most stains & varnishes are still oil-based, as well. Water cannot be used as a solvent for any of these products.Quý Khách đã xem: Mineral spirits là gì

Quý Khách đã xem: Mineral spirits là gì

Mineral spirits and paint thinner are indispensable solvents for thinning oil-based paint, stains, và varnishes, as well as for cleaning up paint equipment và oily materials. Is there any difference between mineral spirits and paint thinner? If so, which of the two should you purchase?

What Is Mineral Spirits?

Mineral spirits is made of 100-percent petroleum distillates and it has no additives. Mineral spirits is a clean, clear sản phẩm that”s used for thinning oil-based paint. It can also be used for thinning or cleaning stains & varnishes.

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What Is Paint Thinner?

Mineral spirits-based paint thinner is often blended with additives such as trimethyl benzene (benzene). Sometimes, paint thinner is mineral spirits with no additives, as well.

Since paint thinner describes the function of the sản phẩm, not necessarily its makeup, it can essentially be anything that thins paint. So, even citrus-based products or turpentine, which is derived from pine trees, could be called paint thinners.

Mineral Spirits vs. Paint Thinner

Mineral spirits is a term that specifies the product”s composition, while paint thinner is a generalized term that describes the product”s function, not its composition.Both products are derived from minerals. This distinguishes them from products such as turpentine that are derived from living pine trees.Generally, mineral spirits và paint thinner are interchangeable products.Mineral spirits may be priced higher than paint thinners.As a general term, paint thinner can mean anything that thins or cuts paint, including products advertised as safe, green, or eco-friendly that have as little as 15- to 40-percent petroleum distillates. It can even mean products that have sầu no petroleum content, such as turpentine.


Mineral spirits is derived from minerals: in this case, petroleum. All products labeled as mineral spirits should contain 100-percent mineral spirits, unblended & with no additives. Pure mineral spirits is a paint thinner.

Products labeled as paint thinner can refer khổng lồ pure mineral spirits, blended mineral spirits, turpentine, acetone, naphtha, or any number of other products capable of thinning oil-based paint. Most often, though, paint thinner means less refined mineral spirits with 5-percent or less benzene content added for better solvency và aroma.

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Both unblended mineral spirits & blended mineral spirits called paint thinners have an odor similar khổng lồ camping lantern oil or kerosene. Due lớn the added benzene, paint thinner will have more of an odor than will pure mineral spirits. The smell is typically sweet and most users vì not find it objectionable. Due to lớn the difference in odor, pure mineral spirits tends khổng lồ be better for interior use.

Generally, both straight mineral spirits và mineral spirits-related paint thinner are low in odor in comparison to lớn the foul, chemical-like smell of other classes of paint thinners.


Pure mineral spirits & related paint thinner have sầu no difference in terms of safety. Each hàng hóa ranks the same in all safety categories of the OSHA-mandated Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for paints và solvents. When inhaled, benzene can cause drowsiness và even can render one unconscious.

Long-term exposure in high quantities may adversely affect your health. For that reason, always make sure that you are working in a well-ventilated area when using mineral spirits with added benzene.

Cost Difference

Common Uses for Mineral Spirits và Paint Thinner

Thinning oil- or alkyd-based paints while those paints are still in soluble formRemoving waxy films on wood surfacesSoaking oily oto partsDegreasing or cleaning oily equipment or toolsCleaning spray equipmentRemoving sticky adhesivesEliminating heel & scuff marks from flooring

Uses to lớn Avoid

Neither product will act as a paint stripper or remover for paint that has already cured.Never use mineral spirits or paint thinner for cleaning latex paint from brushes or surfaces.Never attempt to use either mineral spirits or paint thinner as a fire starter for charcoal, wood, or any other type of flame.

Should You Buy Mineral Spirits or Paint Thinner?

Pure mineral spirits is more expensive sầu, so it is recommended that you use them more sparingly. Since paint thinner is less expensive, it is best for large residential use or commercial use. Because pure mineral spirits has a lower odor, it is best for indoor use.